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Daniel Mroczek

Daniel Mroczek

Professor, Dept. of Psychology
Northwestern University
daniel.mroczek@northwestern.edu
http://fsmweb.northwestern.edu/faculty/FacultyProfile.cfm?xid=27573


Dr. Mroczek's major interests are in adult development and aging, especially lifespan personality development and the relationship between personality and health in the adult years. One of the main findings from his research over the past few years is that there are considerable individual differences in personality and well-being trajectories over long periods of time (10 to 20 years). In ordinary language, this means that not everyone shows the same pattern of personality or well-being change as we grow older. For example, some people show long term increases in happiness over time, while others show remarkable stability. Still others show major declines in happiness. He is interested in why people vary on these long-term trajectories and how it affects their physical health. Do people who show long-term increases in happiness have less heart disease? Do they live longer? And he is also interested in the general association between personality and physical health. In this line of research, he has found that change in personality predicts mortality (Mroczek & Spiro, 2007), and that smoking mediates the association between personality and mortality (Mroczek, Spiro & Turiano, 2009). Additionally, he has a number of statistical and methodological interests such as longitudinal design, daily diary and experience sampling techniques, multilevel modeling (including growth-curve models), and proportional hazards models. Most of his research is funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), in particular the National Institute on Aging (NIA).

He received his B.S. from Loyola University Chicago and his Ph.D. (in developmental psychology) from Boston University. He was a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research from 1992 to 1995. From 1995 to 2005, he was on the developmental psychology faculty of Fordham University in New York City. Since 2005 he has been at Purdue University, where is a full professor and a faculty affiliate of Purdue's Center on Aging and the Life Course.

At present, he serves on the Editorial Boards of the Journals of Gerontology, Psychology & Aging, Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, Journal of Personality, and the Journal of Research in Personality.

He has been Chair of the Social, Personality & Interpersonal Processes (SPIP) panel that reviews grant applications for the NIH (2004 to 2006). From 2000 to 2003, he was a member of the National Institute of Aging's Behavioral & Social Research (NIA-S) review panel. He have also reviewed grant applications for the Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) in Canada, the Medical Research Council (MRC) in the United Kingdom, and for the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.



Representative Publications
Sloan, R. P., Schwarz, E., McKinley, P. S., Weinstein, M., Love, G., Ryff, C., Mroczek, D., Choo, T. H., Lee, S., & Seeman, T. (2017). Vagally-mediated Heart rate variability and indices of well-being: Results of a nationally representative study. Health Psychology, 36(1), 73-81.
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Graham, E. K., Rutsohn, J. P., Turiano, N. A., Bendayan, R., Batterham, P. J., Gerstorf, D., . . . Mroczek, D. K. (2017). Personality predicts mortality risk: An integrative data analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies. Journal of Research in Personality. Advance online publication.
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Hill, P. L., Turiano, N. A., Mroczek, D. K., & Burrow, A. L. (2016). The value of a purposeful life: Sense of purpose predicts greater income and net worth. Journal of Research in Personality, 65, 38-42.
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Chen, E., Turiano, N. A., Mroczek, D. K., & Miller, G. E. (2016). Association of reports of childhood abuse and all-cause mortality rates in women. JAMA Psychiatry, 73(9), 920-927.
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Hostinar, C. E., Davidson, R. J., Graham, E. K., Mroczek, D. K., Lachman, M. E., Seeman, T. E., van Reekum, C. M., & Miller, G. E. (2016). Frontal brain asymmetry, childhood maltreatment, and low-grade inflammation at midlife. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 75, 152-163.
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Turiano, N. A., Chapman, B. P., Gruenewald, T. L., & Mroczek, D. K. (2015). Personality and the leading behavior contributors of mortality. Health Psychology, 4(1), 51-60.
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Friedman, E. M., Christ, S. L., & Mroczek, D. K. (2015). Inflammation partially mediates the association of multimorbidity and functional limitations in a national sample of middle-aged and older adults: The MIDUS study. Journal of Aging and Health, 27(5), 843-863.
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Hostinar, C. E., Lachman, M. E., Mroczek, D. K., Seeman, T. E., & Miller, G. E. (2015). Additive contributions of childhood adversity and recent stressors to inflammation at midlife: Findings from the MIDUS study. Developmental Psychology, 51(11), 1630-1644.
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Graham, E. K., Mroczek, D. K., & Elleman, L. G. (2015). Personality & earnings lost: The economic costs of work cut back days due to physical and mental health. Personality Psychology, 1(1), 1-7.
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Turiano, N. A., Mroczek, D. K., Moynihan, J., & Chapman, B. P. (2013). Big 5 personality traits and interleukin-6: Evidence for "healthy neuroticism" in a U.S. Population sample. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 28, 83-89.
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Ready, R. E., Akerstedt, A. M., & Mroczek, D. K. (2012). Emotional complexity and emotional well-being in older adults: Risks of high neuroticism. Aging & Mental Health, 16(1), 17-26.
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Turiano, N. A., Pitzer, L., Armour, C., Karlamangla, A., Ryff, C. D., & Mroczek, D. K. (2012). Personality trait level and change as predictors of health outcomes: Findings from a national study of Americans (MIDUS). The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67(1), 4-12.
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Turiano, N. A., Whiteman, S. D., Hampson, S. E., Roberts, B. W., & Mroczek, D. K. (2012). Personality and substance use in midlife: Conscientiousness as a moderator and the effects of trait change. Journal of Research in Personality, 46(3), 295-305.
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Hill, P. L., Turiano, N. A., Mroczek, D. K., & Roberts, B. W. (2012). Examining Concurrent and Longitudinal Relations Between Personality Traits and Social Well-being in Adulthood Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3(6), 698-705.
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Mroczek, D.K., Pitzer, L., Miller, L., Turiano, N., & Fingerman, K. (2010). The use of secondary data in adult development and aging research. In Trzesniewski, K.H., Donnellan, M.B. & Lucas, R.E. (Eds.), Secondary data analysis: An introduction for psychologists (pp. 121-132). Washington, DC: APA Books.

Hampson, S.E., Tildesley, E., Andrews, J.A., Luyckx, K. & Mroczek, D.K. (2010). The relation of change in hostility and sociability during childhood to substance use in mid adolescence. Journal of Research in Personality, 44, 103-114.

Mroczek, D.K., Spiro, A.,& Turiano, N.A. (2009). Do health behaviors explain the effect of neuroticism on mortality? Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 653-659.

Gruenewald, T.L., Mroczek, D.K., Ryff, C.D., & Singer, B.H. (2008). Diverse pathways to positive and negative affect in adulthood and later life: An integrative approach using recursive partitioning. Developmental Psychology, 44(2), 330-343.
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Neupert, S. D., Mroczek, D. K., & Spiro, A. (2008). Neuroticism moderates the daily relation between stressors and memory failures. Psychology and Aging, 23, 287-296.

Vaidya, J.G., Gray, E.K., Haig, J.R., Mroczek, D.K.& Watson, D. (2008). Differential trait stability and individual growth trajectories during young adulthood. Journal of Personality, 76, 276-304.

Roberts, B. W., & Mroczek, D.K. (2008). Personality trait stability and change. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 31-35.

Mroczek, D.K. (2007). The analysis of longitudinal data in personality research. In R.W. Robins, R.C. Fraley& R.F. Krueger (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods in Personality Psychology, pp. 543-556. New York: Guilford Press.

Almeida, D. M., Mroczek, D. K., & Neiss, M. (2006). Can self-regulation explain age differences in daily, weekly, and monthly reports of psychological distress? In L. Carstensen & K.W. Schaie (Eds.), Social Structure, Aging and Self-Regulation. New York: Springer.
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Mroczek, D.K., Spiro, A., Griffin, P.W. & Neupert, S. (2006). Social Influences on Adult Personality, Self-Regulation and Health. In K.W. Schaie & L. Carstensen (Eds.), Social Structures, Aging and Self-Regulation, New York, Springer, 69-83.
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Neupert, S. D., Almeida, D. M., Mroczek, D. K.,& Spiro, A. (2006). Daily stressors and memory failures in a naturalistic setting: Findings from the VA Normative Aging Study. Psychology and Aging, 21, 424-429.

Griffin, P., Mroczek, D.K., & Spiro, A. (2006). Variability in affective change among aging men: Longitudinal findings from the VA Normative Aging Study. Journal of Research in Personality, 40(6), 942-965.

Mroczek, D.K., Spiro, A., III, & Griffin, P. (2006). Personality and aging. In J.E. Birren& K.W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (6th Edition), pp. 363-377. San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

Mroczek, D.K. & Spiro, A, III (2005). Change in life satisfaction over 20 years during adulthood: Findings from the VA Normative Aging Study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 189-202.

Mroczek, D. K. (2004). Positive and negative affect at midlife. In O.G. Brim, C.D. Ryff, & R.C. Kessler (Eds.), How healthy are we?: A national study of well-being at midlife (pp. 205-226). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
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Mroczek, D. K., & Almeida, D. M. (2004). The effect of daily stress, personality, and age on daily negative affect. Journal of Personality, 72(2), 355-378.
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Mroczek, D. K., Spiro, A. I., & Almeida, D. M. (2003). Between- and within-person variation in affect and personality over days and years: How basic and applied approaches can inform one another. Ageing International, 28(3), 260-278.
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Mroczek, D.K.& Spiro, A, III. (2003). Modeling intraindividual change in personality traits: Findings from the Normative Aging Study. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 58B, 153-165.

Mroczek, D.K., & Spiro III, A. (2002). Personality and aging. In D.J. Ekerdt, R.A. Applibaum, K.C. Holden, S.G. Post, K. Rockwood, R. Schultz, R. Sprott & P. Uhlenberg (Eds). Encyclopedia of aging (pp. 1076-1080). New York, NY: MacMillan Reference USA.

Mroczek, D. K. (2001). Age and emotion in adulthood. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10(3), 87-90.
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Mroczek, D. K., & Kolarz, C. M. (1998). The effect of age on positive and negative affect: A developmental perspective on happiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(5), 1333-1349.
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Mroczek, D.K., Ozer, D.J., Spiro, A, III, & Kaiser, R.T. (1998). Evaluating a measure of the five factor model of personality. Assessment, 5, 285-299.

Mroczek, D.K., Spiro, A. III, Aldwin, C.M., Ozer, D.J. & Bosse', R. (1993). Construct validation of optimism and pessimism in older men: Findings from the Normative Aging Study. Health Psychology, 12, 406-409.
©2011 University of Wisconsin - Madison, Institute on Aging